Istanbul, historically known as Byzantium and Constantinople, is the largest city of Turkey.
Istanbul metropolitan province (municipality) had 13.26 million people living in it as of December, 2010,
which is 18% of Turkey’s population and the 3rd largest metropolitan area in Europe (including the Asian
side of the city) after London and Moscow.
Istanbul is a megacity, the cultural, economic, and financial center of Turkey. Located in the northwest
of the country, it lies on the Bosphorus Strait and encompasses the natural harbour known as the Golden
Horn. Extending both on the European (Thrace) and Asian (Anatolia) sides of the Straight, it is the only